Client-centered therapy, also known as person-centered therapy or Rogerian therapy, is a nondirective form of talk therapy. When using this approach, the clinician collaborates with clients to support them by exploring possible solutions to their problems. When using this strategy, the clinician remains non-directive and non-judgmental. Client-centered therapy creates an environment that promotes unconditional positive regard, which leads to clients feeling accepted for who they are, regardless of what they are facing or experiencing.
Solution-focused therapy (SFT), also called solution-brief focused therapy (SBFT), is goal-focused and concentrates on finding solutions to a particular situation. SFT relies on positive psychology principles and practices and aims at finding solutions rather than concentrating on the problems that brought clients to seek therapy. SFT focuses on the benefits of positive thinking, and it is used for formulating, motivating, achieving, and sustaining desired goals. SFT clinicians help clients identify their strengths. Once clients’ strengths are identified, clinicians guide clients in developing a vision of the future and how to use their internal abilities to attain desired outcomes.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of talk therapy where clients can explore how their behaviors, thoughts, and feelings affect one another. The clinician and the client work on identifying thought patterns and developing new ways of thinking. By creating new ways of thinking, people can become more aware of their circumstances, positively impacting their outlook in life and overall mental health. CBT can be effective when working with clients impacted by anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, trauma-related experiences, bipolar disorder, and eating disorders.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a form of cognitive behavioral therapy that focuses on the importance of regulating emotions, being mindful, and accepting uncomfortable thoughts and feelings. The objective of DBT is to help clients find a balance between change and acceptance. The four pillars of DBT are mindfulness, interpersonal effectiveness, distress tolerance, and emotion regulation. DBT clinicians support clients by working on the development of new skills in these four areas. DBT is an evidence-based approach that has helped many clients impacted by eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), substance use disorders, and mood disorders.
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a form of cognitive behavioral therapy used to help people impacted by negative life experiences. CPT is generally delivered over 12 sessions. Treatment begins with psychoeducation to help clients better understand how a traumatic experience can affect their thoughts and emotions. The goal is to help clients become more aware of the relationship between thoughts and emotions and begins to identify the automatic thoughts that are causing the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. This therapeutic approach aims to help people challenge and modify unhelpful beliefs related to a traumatic experience. By challenging negative beliefs that have emerged as the result of a trauma, clients create a new understanding and conceptualization of the traumatic event, reducing the ongoing adverse effects of the trauma.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an evidence-based approach that enables people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress resulting from traumatic life experiences. EMDR therapy has shown that the mind can heal from psychological trauma just as the body can recover from physical trauma. Numerous research has shown that using eye movements (bilateral stimulation) can help the brain process traumatic events, resulting in the desensitization of the symptoms related to that particular trauma. Researchers believe that EMDR is connected with the biological mechanisms involved in Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. During EMDR, the brain uses internal associations to enable clients to process the memory and disturbing feelings connected to a traumatic experience. EMDR can be helpful whenever previous life experiences are negatively impacting a person’s lif
Prolong exposure (PE) is a form of therapy that is useful for encouraging people to confront their fears. Fearing something can negatively affect people’s ability to live the life they deserve. Although some clients might believe that avoidance helps them reduce feelings of fear, in the long run, the fear might prevent them from living meaningful and rewarding lives. In such situations, a clinician might recommend the client participate in exposure therapy to empower them to recognize the adverse effects of their avoidance. Exposure therapy can be beneficial when supporting clients impacted by phobias, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessivecompulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder.
Gottman therapy has been around for around 50 years, and it has helped many couples enhance their marriages. Dr. John Gottman developed the Gottman theory to help couples improve their relationships. Some of the benefits of this approach are that it help partners increase closeness and friendship behaviors, address conflict productively, and help build a life of shared meaning. Dr. Gottman believes that the following predictive factors lead to failure in relationships: criticism of the partner’s personality, defensiveness, stonewalling (refusing to interact), and contempt. Gottman therapy can be helpful for couples experiencing relationship issues who want to save their marriage and improve the quality of their relationships.